ClosedAgriculture & Agri-food

Development of a new generation of modified live virus vaccine for PEDV using reverse genetics system

PROJECT LEAD(S)/CO-LEAD(S) Alexander Zakhartchouk (University of Saskatchewan) & Volker Gerdts (University of Saskatchewan)
COMPETITION/ FUNDING OPPORTUNITY 2014 Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDv)
PROJECT START DATE January 1, 2015
PROJECT END DATE December 31, 2016

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is an infectious and highly contagious swine virus. Recently, outbreaks of severe PED disease have been reported in the USA and Canada. The goal of this project is to develop a live virus vaccine specifically directed towards sows to protect suckling piglets against disease. Despite long-term efforts, effective vaccines to prevent other enteric coronavirus infections of animals remain elusive. New genomic approaches such as Reverse Genetics can help to overcome these drawbacks. Rapid response and control of emerging pathogens requires an approach to quickly generate full-length cDNA from which the virus can be cloned, allowing for genetic manipulation of the viral genome. Therefore, the proposed project has the following objectives: (1) to construct a full-length infectious cDNA clone of a highly virulent North American PEDV strain, (2) to introduce attenuating mutations into the viral genome, and (3) to characterize humoral immune response to PEDV in order to introduce strategic DIVA mutations into the viral genome.

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